The PTRS 41 design came from the sudden necessity of the Russian army to defend itself against Germany’s sudden aggression in 1941. The apparent need for anti-tank weapons was shelved, then hurriedly brought back to a pressing need in that turbulent year. The PTRS utilized a 5 shot clip, very much like a standard rifle, and was loaded like a bolt action rifle. It was also cumbersome and heavy, as it weighed in at 46 pounds and was 86 inches long. Nevertheless, it was effective at stopping light armored tanks of the era with its 14.5mm rounds.
The PTRS first saw action in Winter of 1941 at Petelino, against light tanks at a range of 150-200 meters. It wasn’t a particular effective or devastating weapon, and not effective against larger tanks at all, but it was an available defensive weapon that the Red army could use. The advantages were useful however; a two-man crew could move and fire against light tanks rapidly, whereas artillery or heavier weapons were less mobile and easier to spot. Three teams with a PTRS could also conceal, fire, and move to another location quickly compared to a tank. If the teams also concentrated their fire, the odds were greatly increased that they would damage or even destroy an enemy vehicle.
The PTRS only had rudimentary sights, and had to lead targets by approximately a yard for 100 yards distance. Antitank rifle development halted in 1944, as they were simply no longer effective against newer enemy tanks. They were still effective against less armored targets, and personnel.
|Used by||Soviet Union, North Korea, China, Sudan, Novorossiyan rebels|
|Wars||World War II|
Chinese Civil War
Lebanese Civil War
Syrian Civil War
War in Donbass
|Designer||Sergei Gavrilovich Simonov|
|Mass||20.3 kg (46 lbs)|
|Length||2100 mm (83 in)|
|Barrel length||1219 mm (47 in)|
|Action||Gas-operated; short stroke gas piston, vertically tilting bolt|
|Muzzle velocity||1,013 m/s (3,323 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||800 m (874.9 yd) (against armored vehicles)|
|Maximum firing range||1,500 m (1,640.4 yd) (against armored vehicles)|
|Feed system||5-round (in clip) integral magazine|